Legislation Mandates Insurance Companies to Pay Men and Women Equal Compensation for Injuries
Saturday 31 May 2008
Alarabia: The Judiciary has announced that legislation has been introduced which calls for equal dieh or compensation paid in cases of bodily injury and death due to car accidents, to be paid in equal amounts to men and women. Jamshidi, the spokes person for the Judiciary explained in a press conference that "this legislation has been drafted and approved by Central Insurance, the Dieh Task Force, and the Judiciary and upon approval of Guardian Council it will be passed into law."
Jamshid explained further that: "since the payment of insurance compensation constitutes a legal agreement between insurance companies and their clients, then the payment of equal dieh or compensation [to men and women] is not in opposition to Sharia law."
Religious minority groups in Iran which are officially recognized, such as Christians, Jews and Zorastrians, were accorded equal dieh through the passage of legislation which was adopted five years ago.
According to Iranian law, the inheritance accorded to women is half that of men, and women’s testimony in court is also half that of men’s testimony [or the testimony of two women equals that of one man].
Groups supporting women’s rights also object to inequities in the law with respect to women’s right to custody of her children.
Currently the amount of blood money [to be paid in cases of death] is set on a yearly basis. At present this amount is identified to be 55 Million Tomans or roughly $59,000 [with amount of dieh identified for women at half this amount].
According to Iranian law, the punishment for murder is execution. However, the immediate family members of the victim [or the owners of the blood] are able to forgive the murderer in lieu of a payment of dieh [if they choose, they can also forfeit the dieh amount or accept a reduced sum]. In these cases the death penalty is not enforced.
While women’s rights activists in Iran object to laws governing the lives of women, on the basis that they are discriminatory, they tend to believe that in comparison to other countries in the region, women’s status in Iran is better.
Translated by: Sussan Tahmasebi